What is CBD Oil and What Does It Do?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is an oil extracted from cannabis — specifically hemp, as opposed to marijuana — that contains only miniscule amounts (or none) of the psychoactive compound tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Due to its very low percentage of THC, CBD oil does not have psychoactive properties and does not appear to be addictive, according to World Health Organization research.

Due to this, CBD is generally considered to be a legal product throughout the US. Legalization officially occurred at the federal level in 2018 with the passage of the Farm Bill, but states are still empowered make their own decisions about CBD oil and its legality. The FDA is currently getting involved in regulating the sale of CBD oil and other CBD-based products.

How is CBD Oil Made?

CBD oil can be extracted from either hemp or marijuana. Generally, if it’s extracted from marijuana there is a greater risk of the oil containing trace amounts of THC, so the legal status of CBD oil derived from marijuana is much more complex. Extracting CBD oil from hemp seeds produces the least amount of THC — as such, most legally available oil is extracted from the seeds of hemp plants.

CBD Oil Benefits and Effects

There is plenty of research being undertaken concerning the effects and potential benefits of a wide range of cannabis products for people suffering from physical and mental illnesses. CBD oil is unique in its potential to provide health benefits without the psychoactive properties of THC. This avoids many of the controversial effects associated with marijuana use, while allowing people to benefit from the positive effects of CBD.

Research about CBD and its effects is still ongoing, and much of it remains inconclusive. However, there are studies which have suggested its positive potential for assisting in the treatment of several conditions.


The very first instance of the FDA approving a drug derived from cannabis for medical use resulted in the creation of Epidoliex, a CBD-based oil treatment for certain forms of epilepsy called Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome and Dravet syndrome. Epidolex was also the first FDA drug approved for treating Dravet syndrome. From an FDA press release:

“Epidiolex’s effectiveness was studied in three randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials involving 516 patients with either Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome. Epidiolex, taken along with other medications, was shown to be effective in reducing the frequency of seizures when compared with placebo.”

This is a controlled drug made from CBD oil extract, and is not an over the counter CBD oil product. People with severe medical conditions should consult their doctor before self-medicating with any over the counter products.

Pain Relief

Studies of rats and also of patients with chronic pain illnesses have shown, in some cases, that CBD oil may have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. For people who live with chronic pain such as arthritis and chronic neuropathic pain, CBD oil could have positive effects on quality of life by helping with pain management. There’s no evidence that it cures or treats conditions causing or underlying chronic pain of any kind, only that it can relieve some symptoms and potentially make patient’s lives easier.

People may use medical marijuana for pain relief and to control a wide range of negative symptoms associated with multiple illnesses, and it appears that similar effects can be achieved without the psychoactive properties of THC. CBD oil is popular for use in topical pain relief products, intended to treat minor aches and pains.

Blood Pressure

Pre-clinical trials and studies have shown that CBD oil may have blood pressure management benefits. The results show that CBD oil reduced both the resting blood pressure in volunteers, as well as their blood pressure in response to stress. The research has not yet shown whether CBD oil is an effective treatment for cardiovascular disorders, however, it may be valuable to people who are worried about their blood pressure.

CBD oil may not be a cure for heart disease, but it may aid in stress relief. CBD oil has also been used to assist with relaxation and sleep as well.

Social Anxiety

In preliminary studies focusing on social anxiety, CBD oil has been shown to have a positive effect on people who suffer from certain forms of anxiety and have difficulty functioning in social situations. The study purports that CBD oil worked to reduce symptoms related to physical anxiety, such as cognitive impairment and speech performance.

As such, many people use CBD oil for daily mental health maintenance. While these anecdotal cases, in conjunction with the above studies, make a strong case for the benefits of CBD oil, there is more study required to determine all of the positive and negative effects of the drug, and still no definitive evidence that CBD oil cures illnesses. It does, however, seem to effectively relieve some symptoms and subjectively improve the quality of life of many people who suffer from issues such as anxiety, and other mental health concerns.


As noted above, CBD oil has been shown to produce anti-inflammatory effects. This is why it’s useful in some cases for pain relief. According to some very preliminary research, the anti-inflammatory benefits also extend to the relief of acne symptoms. Its positive effects seem to work inside and outside the body.

Does CBD Oil Get You High?

In short, CBD oil does not intoxicate users. The only completely, federally legal form of CBD oil is extracted from hemp, not marijuana. When extracted from hemp, CBD oil has such small amounts of THC that it has no psychoactive effects — it can’t get you “high” in the same way that marijuana does. This means that consumers can enjoy the benefits of CBD oil without the worry that they will be inebriated or under the influence of a scheduled substance. It’s also the reason that this type of CBD oil is legal in various states throughout the US.

Where to Buy CBD Oil

CBD oil extracted from hemp is completely legal at the federal level, however, this doesn’t mean that it is necessarily legal in every state. While you can order CBD oil online, or get it over the counter in health shops of all kinds, you will want to check the specific regulations concerning CBD oil in your state first. There are still more studies that need to be completed before the medical attributes and risks associated with CBD oil can be accurately defined. Nevertheless, the substance is showing a lot of promise, and it’s only a matter of time before the facts are brought to light.

CBD & Alcohol: Good Idea Or a Bad Combo?

Due to the rise in popularity in CBD, more and more people are researching whether you can use CBD and alcohol together. While on the surface, mixing CBD and alcohol may sound like a bad idea, people who use CBD as part of their daily regimen may still want to enjoy an occasional drink, so the responsible thing to do is research their potential interactions beforehand. First, let’s look at what they are.


The cannabis plant contains over 100 active compounds known as endocannabinoids, of which CBD is one. It won’t get you “high,” but when extracted and purified, CBD oil can be used directly or formulated into a wide range of products, from topical lotions to tinctures, edibles, and capsules. While peer-reviewed research is limited, anecdotal evidence points to its potential use as a health and wellness aid.


Alcohol is a depressant that is commonly available in beers, wines, liquors, and foods. It has a strong effect on the human body and mind. Impairment can set in quickly and last for hours, jumbling thoughts, altering the users mood, and interfering with their decision making and motor skills when used in quantity. When used responsibly, it is often considered a relaxing way to unwind or as an aid to letting off steam.


CBD and alcohol are both easy for responsible adults to obtain. Alcohol is generally available to those in the US over 21. CBD oil derived from industrial hemp–cannabis plants containing less than 0.3% of THC, the primary psychoactive substance in marijuana–is legal at the federal level and widely sold to those over the age of 18, though some cities and states may have their own regulations in place limiting sales.

Common Reasons For Using CBD And Alcohol

  • The most common reason for mixing CBD and alcohol is that a user takes CBD on a regular basis and decided to have a drink. Under these circumstances, it is not so much an intentional mixing of the two as it is two normal adult practices that happen to converge. Generally, this is safe as long as responsible usage rules for both substances are followed.
  • Pain is another common cause of the two substances being used together, intentionally or unintentionally. CBD is commonly cited by users suffering from chronic pain as being one of the reasons they chose to explore cannabis. It has the potential to offer anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects that help ease discomfort. Alcohol, meanwhile, is a natural muscle relaxer. This combination is safe in moderation, but using too much alcohol to numb pain is a far too frequent occurrence, with or without CBD.
  • Other people may turn to CBD and alcohol intentionally to affect their mood or mindset. CBD is commonly used by those suffering from depression and anxiety to promote a calmer, more positive outlook. Alcohol has long been used in attempts to “drink the pain away” emotionally, too many times with disastrous consequences.

CBD’s Effect On Alcohol Consumption

As with many things CBD related, research is limited, but limited studies have produced interesting results. The use of CBD and alcohol does not seem to affect alcohol impairment levels, but it may lower your blood alcohol level. This means that while your car or a breathalyzer may not screen you as being over the legal limit, your actual level of intoxication may be the same as someone who is over the legal limit.

Other research has shown that CBD may be of help in fighting alcohol addiction. It’s thought that it does this by stimulating the endocannabinoid system, providing the “reward” that an alcoholics body seeks by drinking. This can help ease the dependency on alcohol. This does not mean that it will necessarily help keep you from becoming addicted, but that, with further research, it may help break the addiction cycle.

Whisky being poured into glasses

How to Use Alcohol and CBD Safely

  • Explore Privately First – If you are using the two together for the first time, do so in a safe, secure environment. This can be at your home or a friend’s home, where you can control what you have access to and you are surrounded by familiar things, plenty of food and water, and a place you can rest and relax if necessary.
  • Moderation Is Key – Just as with alcohol alone or CBD alone, when mixing CBD and alcohol, overconsumption can lead to trouble. Stick with your usual dose of CBD, or if you’re a new user, start with small doses and forego alcohol until you are familiar with how your body reacts to CBD. For alcohol, limit yourself to the drinks you know you can handle, and be aware of how your body is reacting. Remember that both substances take time to become effective, so allow time to establish the effect of one drink before ordering and downing another.
  • Avoid Driving and Operating Machinery – Impaired driving is a crime, but it’s worse than that. When you operate a vehicle while impaired, your risking not just your life, but the lives of everyone around you. If you intend to drink, plan on not driving. Call a cab, rideshare, or friend.
  • Use the Buddy System – Take a friend with you. They can help you keep from making mistakes you’ll regret or taking risks that could leave you in jail or the hospital.

How CBD Products Can Help the Environment

When you choose CBD, you’re not just promoting your health and wellness, you’re also supporting the environmental benefits of hemp. Unlike some other crops, hemp and the environment share a beneficial relationship that helps improve and revitalize the soil, protect natural resources, and provides a sustainable cash crop that has a variety of potential uses. Industrial hemp, and CBD derived from it, just could be the answer to a cleaner, healthier Earth.

What Is Industrial Hemp?

Industrial hemp is a member of the cannabis family which has a concentration of less than 0.3% THC by weight. It won’t get you high, but it has been used by humans for centuries to make textiles, papers, and as wellness support. Hemp served an important role in American industry for generations before being targeted by a smear campaign intent on associating it with its more psychoactive cousin, marijuana. When the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 was passed, it included cannabis without differentiating hemp from Marijuana, and the crop largely disappeared from American soil.

As American’s views of marijuana evolved, interest renewed in hemp and the environmental benefits it may offer alongside its industrial and wellness uses. Under a pilot program in the 2014 Farm Bill which was then expanded and made permanent in the 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp was officially recognized as a separate plant, effectively re-legalizing it at the federal level. This has led to an explosion of the hemp industry coast to coast as companies look to both turn a profit and also give consumers and the environment hemp products that better their lives.

Environmental Benefits of Hemp

The hemp plant is tall and straight, with thin fans of leaves located mostly at the top of the plant. To anchor these stalky giants, hemp grows a large taproot that runs deep into the soil. This taproot is the basis for several benefits hemp offers the environment.

  • The Root of the Issue—First, well-rooted crops help control erosion. They help “fix” the ground, keeping dirt from being blown off by high winds or carried away by heavier rainfall. These deep taproots help make hemp more resistant to drought, as well. Creating hardier crops that help preserve the land through dry, rough conditions.Secondly, as these taproots bring up water, they also bring up nutrients that often are trapped under layers of soil. This can be vital for land maintenance, because large agricultural operations, if not carefully planned and monitored, can leach the nutrients from an area, leaving it dry and dead. Hemp not only improves its soil, but it can also be planted in rotation with other crops to keep the soil rich and healthy.
  • Waste Not, Want Not—Hemp’s biomass is also readily recyclable. One of the biggest environmental benefits of hemp is its ability to avoid needless waste. Hemp fibers can be easily composted into a nutrient-filled natural fertilizer. This means that even the parts of the plant not utilized in production can still be purposed to help grow the next or other crops, lowering the demand on our landfills and returning much-needed vitamins and minerals to the soil.
  • Carbon Greedy—Carbon is a hot button issue for those concerned about the environment because it is causing huge amounts of environmental damage. Their need for carbon is where hemp and the environment differ. While we want to keep more carbon from entering the environment, especially through greenhouse gasses, Hemp biomass is made of up to 40% carbon, and that’s a huge amount. Hemp crops sequester carbon, keeping it trapped where it can’t do damage. When hemp is harvested for fiber products, this creates a durable good with the high-carbon fibers that can keep the carbon out of circulation for an extended period of time.
  • Fast Growing—Compared to other fiber crops, such as trees, hemp is fast growing and provides a greater yield on a per acre basis. These environmental benefits of hemp mean that timber and logging that clear-cuts entire swathes of forests aren’t needed. Instead, sustainable paper and textile manufacturing can turn to hemp fibers.Commercial logging operations create an enormous amount of greenhouse gasses due to the machinery needed. Worse, old growth forests that have provided oxygen and diverse wildlife habitats for centuries. Once they’re gone, it takes an equal amount of time to replace them. That is time the environment doesn’t have as climate change progresses.
  • Ending the Reliance on Fossil Fuels—The potential for hemp oil as a biofuel has long been known. Hemp oil can be processed into a type of biodiesel that could be burned for electricity generation or to power motor vehicles with a diesel engine. While still in the early stages, as this alternative fuel technology matures, it could help ease humans away from their reliance on dirtier fossil fuels. The end goal is to make adoption of more environmentally friendly practices as easy as going about your daily routine, such as pulling into a greener gas station.

How You Can Help

While the environmental benefits of hemp are plain to see, mass adoption needs your help. When you shop from reputable CBD suppliers and manufacturers, choose sustainable hemp clothing, or use hemp paper, you’re supporting an industry that’s dedicated to providing you the highest quality products possible while helping the environment.

At CBD Choice, we’re proud to offer you a curated selection of the finest hemp CBD products on the market. By choosing manufacturers dedicated to protecting the environment and delivering hemp that is naturally grown to support your health and wellness, we’re able to make supporting hemp’s environmental benefits easier on you, the consumer.


Cannabis has been around for a very long time. There is documented evidence of cannabis being used as a medicinal herb across different cultures. It’s interesting to note that cannabis has found a special place in ‘The Ebers Papyrus’, one of the oldest finished medical textbook dating back around 1550 BC.


Cannabis contains over 400 different chemical compounds out of which around 85 are potent bio-active compounds called cannabinoids. Out of these THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol) are the two most well-known cannabinoids. These compounds together give the cannabis its magical medicinal properties and the famous ‘high’. THC is a psychoactive cannabinoid that is responsible for the ‘high’, whereas CBD is non-psychoactive cannabinoid, which is also known to counter the effects of THC thereby reducing the high. THC and CBD are found to engage with the receptors CB1 and CB2 found in the body’s Endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS in our body is a large complex network of cell receptors and influence many of our bodily functions such as mood, appetite, sleep, immune system, and pain. The ECS contains cannabis-like compounds, such as- Anandamide and 2-AG which helps in regulating the body’s functions and pain naturally. So when the cannabinoids in the cannabis engage with the receptors of our body it enhances the body’s ability to regulate the pain and inflammation. CBD is a versatile plant-based health compound which is proven to alleviate pain and inflammation and helps in relieving symptoms of many diseases.


This has made many patients fighting depression or suffering from ailments like arthritis, cancer, anxiety and many other chronic conditions to shift to cannabis as an alternative treatment or in combination with other prescribed medications. Many modern doctors have also started to prescribe cannabis along with other medications. According to UNODC an estimated 183 million people worldwide used cannabis in 2015 with a number of medical users rising steadily in the U.S.Cannabis can be taken orally, smoked, vaped or used as CBD oil. CBD oil benefits tremendously in arthritis and relieving joint pains. Moreover, raw cannabis seeds are a great source of protein and considered a superfood for various reasons.


With so many benefits of cannabis we know how it affects our body, now let’s find out its effect on our memory as well. Looking at the forgetful stoners it seems that cannabis and poor memory are somehow connected. Let us explore this further!

THC- the psychoactive cannabinoid in cannabis is responsible for mind-altering effects on the brain giving the user a euphoric effect seems to affect memory in two ways:

  1. Cannabis makes it difficult to encode the memories: Encoding is the crucial first step to create a new memory. Encoding is a biological event beginning with perception through our senses. This perception gets converted into a construct and is stored within the brain which can be recalled later as a short-term or long-term memory. Thus, this event gets hampered under the influence of THC and the user is unable to form new memories.
  2. Makes it difficult to recall short-term memory: Short-term memory also known as working memory is like a ‘post-it-notes’ for the brain. It is basically the ability to remember and process information at the same time. Cannabis is known to affect this working memory while the user is under its influence, and possibly even little after the high wears off.

Fortunately, some studies suggest that many frequent cannabis users might become less sensitive to these effects over a period of time and the memory impairment in most of the users is temporary.


Long-term memory, also known as Verbal memory can be adversely affected by higher doses of cannabis in frequent users. An interesting long-term study conducted by UCSF researchers for over 25 years shows that long time (five years or more) users of cannabis develop a poor verbal memory recall. Researchers found that with every five years of marijuana use the person’s ability to remember words from a list of 15 words decreased by one. Although it did not seem to have any effect on other cognitive functions involving planning and focusing. According to Reto Auer, the main author of the study, people who consumed cannabis for longer periods were at a greater risk of verbal memory loss by the time they reached their middle age. A study shows that cannabis with high THC and low CBD adversely affected memory, while cannabis with high CBD has no adverse effects on the memory. Interestingly, some studies suggest that higher level of CBD, due to its therapeutic properties and non-psychoactive behavior, may prevent or even reverse memory impairments caused by THC. So CBD might even help protect our memory.Written by Kathy Cooley

Kathy Cooley has been closely studying the cannabis industry trends for quite some time. Intrigued by the booming growth of this sector, she loves to pen down her views providing quality insight on current marijuana trends, particularly medical cannabis.

Healthy Hemp Oil’s Holiday Gift Guide

The holidays are upon us, and whether you’re scrambling to find the perfect gift or stocking stuffer or want to treat yourself to something nice this season, Healthy Hemp Oil is here to help with this holiday gift guide. Take a look at some of our favorite picks for friends and loved ones below.

1. Tasty Hemp Oil: Hemp Oil Gummies

With the appearance of your classic ursine gummy treat, these hemp oil gummies are made using hemp-derived CBD ensuring an easy way to add phytonutrients and CBD to your daily diet without any psychoactive effects. Each gummy contains 25 milligrams of CBD, which makes it easy to keep track of serving size.

Perfect For: Edible Fans

If you aren’t a fan of smoking or vaping or otherwise want a tasty way to take your CBD, these hemp oil gummies are the way to go. They come in assorted fruit flavors and look like your other favorite candy, making it easy to take discreetly. Take one for the road or keep a few in your pocket for an anytime treat.

2. Herbal Renewals: Hemp Oil Spray

This CBD-rich hemp oil spray offers pure convenience and portability with a mix of all-natural ingredients that make this spray vegan, kosher, and gluten-free. Herbal Renewals only uses organic, non-GMO industrial hemp, ensuring the highest quality and safety standards. Each 1-ounce bottle contains 100 milligrams of CBD, while the 2-ounce bottles offer about 500 milligrams of CBD. The spray design makes it easy to measure out and track serving sizes.

Perfect For: The Everyday CBD User

This hemp oil spray is easy to use and offers a relatively low serving size, making it a great companion for the everyday CBD user who knows exactly how much they need. A couple sprays under the tongue offer fast-acting CBD effects.

3. Herbal Renewals: Blue Label High CBD Hemp Oil

Herbal Renewals’ Blue Label hemp oil is one of the strongest CBD products currently on the market. Coming in three sizes, the largest 10-ounce tube offers 1,500 milligrams of the purest CBD available with virtually no THC. Along with CBD, each tube offers a mix of phytonutrients.

Perfect For: The CBD Veteran

If you have been using CBD for years and are looking for the strongest product on the market, this is the hemp oil for you. Blue Label is more readily absorbed and possesses a milder taste than the higher concentrated Gold Label. The tube design makes it easy to measure out serving sizes, though be aware that even the smallest drop packs a lot of CBD. Combine Blue Label hemp oil with other CBD products to boost your intake. You can even use Blue Label High CBD Hemp Oil in any wax vaporizer pen.

4. Hemp Oil Care: THC-Free CBD Oil

Coming straight from the specialists at Hemp Oil Care, this THC-free CBD oil spray offers 1,200 milligrams of premium CBD taken from pure hemp oil extract. This full-spectrum hemp oil is completely non-psychoactive and contains a variety of fatty acids and phytonutrients, including terpenes. The oil has gone through rigorous lab testing, ensuring quality CBD content and safe usage.

Perfect For: CBD Newbies

This oil is so easy to use, making it perfect for newcomers. Just two sprays under the tongue provide you with fast-acting CBD effects, but you can always do less or more depending on your needs. The spray design makes it easy to control the serving size and ease your way into more potent CBD products. It comes in natural hemp and spearmint flavors, and the compact size means you can take it wherever you go and use it discreetly.

5. Alternate Vape: CBD Vape Shot Kit

This starter kit gives you everything you need to get into vaping. The kit comes with one CBD oil cartridge and a USB charger, but the centerpiece is the vape pen, which may look simple in construction and design, but it does not skimp on quality or details by any means. Every puff offers a smooth, full-bodied taste, a rich vapor, and efficient delivery of CBD into your system.

Perfect For: New Vapers

This starter kit is perfect for the person in your life who is curious about vaping but has been too afraid or intimidated to give it a shot. No need to worry about all the bells and whistles. The vape is ready to go as soon as you open the box. Simply screw the CBD cartridge onto the battery and breathe in through the mouthpiece. It’s all automatic. Once the cartridge is spent, just throw it out and buy a new one. Make sure to charge the battery with the USB adapter, and you are well on your way to great vaping from here on out.

6. Alternate Vape: CBD Vape Shot

This refill cartridge for our Alternate Vape pen contains 250 milligrams of CBD, virtually no THC, and absolutely zero nicotine. Each cartridge offers completely natural ingredients, including terpenes, coconut oil, and CBD.

Perfect For: Alternate Vape Users

If your friend or loved one already has an Alternate Vape, it never hurts to have more of these replacement cartridges on hand. They’re available in three flavors, mint, citrus, and kush, and are easy to use and swap out on the fly.

7. Tasty Hemp Oil: CBD Gel Capsules

Doing away with smoking, vaping, or edibles altogether, these CBD gel capsules are an effective health supplement. Each capsule is packed with 15 milligrams of CBD in a full-spectrum hemp oil extract sourced from European hemp plants, along with a variety of essential vitamins, minerals, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.

Perfect For: Health Nuts on the go

When you’re busy and constantly on the go, you don’t always have time to vape your CBD or eat an edible. These gel capsules are fast and easy. Simply take two (or just one if you’re starting out) with a glass of water about a half hour before a meal. You can also spread the serving throughout the day, taking one in the morning and one at night.

8. Tasty Hemp Oil: Tasty Cocoas CBD Chocolates

Nothing quite tastes or feels as good as some nice, rich chocolate. Add some CBD into the mix, and you are approaching pure heaven. This chocolate from Tasty Hemp Oil offers a deliciously easy way to give yourself a steady serving size of CBD. Made from the highest quality cocoa and raw hemp oil, these chocolates come in three flavors: dark chocolate, dark chocolate mint, and raspberry milk chocolate. Each piece contains about 10 milligrams of CBD.

Perfect For: CBD Users with a Sweet Tooth

There’s smoking. There’s spraying CBD under your tongue. There are even plenty of other edibles out there. But eating chocolate with CBD is a truly special experience, reserved for those moments where you really need the self-care and time to yourself. These chocolates make the process of taking CBD truly pleasurable, easy, and safe.

Good luck finding the perfect gift for your loved ones, and happy holidays from the Healthy Hemp Oil team!

A Guide to Cannabinoids Found in Cannabis

Cannabis has grown exponentially in popularity but a recent cannabis study shows that not many people, even those who use the drug regularly, are aware of the cannabinoids in cannabis. Cannabinoids refer to chemical compounds found in cannabis plants that interact with receptors throughout the body and brain, thereby causing various effects. The cannabis plant potentially contains over 100 cannabinoids. Let’s take a closer look at the cannabinoids in cannabis that you should know about.

What are the effects of THC

THC, short for tetrahydrocannabinol, is one of the best known and most prominent chemical compounds in cannabis. It works by binding to receptors found mostly in the brain and central nervous system.

THC offers a variety of short-term effects. For many people, THC is responsible for creating strong feelings of peace and calm, eliciting an overall euphoric high. For some, THC can cause feelings of anxiety or paranoia, but this can vary from person to person based on body chemistry and the concentration of THC. Other known benefits include:

  • Physical and mental relaxation
  • General sedation
  • Increased energy
  • Increased heart rate
  • Hunger


CBD, or cannabidiol, is second only to THC in terms of abundance. Where THC is more associated with the psychoactive effects in cannabis along with various potential medical uses, CBD is non-intoxicating and offers a much broader range of potential therapeutic and medical applications.

While CBD and all cannabinoids require further research, we do know that CBD has interesting pharmacology that essentially allows it to influence a wide range of receptors throughout the body and brain, not only cannabinoid receptors. In fact, it does not directly affect CB1 and CB2 receptors. Instead, CBD indirectly affects the signaling through these receptors. CBD can even increase the levels of cannabinoids that your body naturally produces. Many CBD products also include trace amounts of THC as the two cannabinoids are known to have complementary effects.

This mutability and versatility means that CBD offers a variety of potential effects. Most commonly, CBD is suggested to promote pain relief, particularly in cases of chronic pain. Other potential effects of CBD include:

  • Reduced symptoms of stress
  • Neuroprotective properties
  • Reduced inflammation
  • Decreased blood pressure
  • Improved sleep quality


Cannabigerol is a lesser-known cannabinoid that generally is not present in large concentrations in most strains of cannabis, often in levels lower than 1 percent. Although it’s considered a minor cannabinoid, CBG is considered the chemical parent of CBD and THC. In fact, cannabigerolic acid is the precursor to the three main cannabinoid lines, even tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA).

CBG’s potential effects center on much more specific physiological systems. For example, CBG is believed to reduce intraocular pressure, making it a potentially effective treatment for glaucoma. CBG has also been shown in studies to protect neurons and reducing the inflammation of inflammatory bowel disease.


Cannabichromene, CBC, was discovered just over 50 years ago, and while it doesn’t receive as much attention as other cannabinoids, initial research suggests that it may have some promising benefits.

CBC does not cause a euphoric high and is not intoxicating. This mainly comes from the fact that it binds poorly to CB1 receptors in the brain. However, it does bind to several other receptors, particularly receptors known as ankyrin 1 and vanilloid receptor 1. These are connected to how you perceive pain, suggesting that CBC may help to relieve chronic pain and inflammation. Activation at these receptors also results in the release of natural endocannabinoids. Studies also suggest that CBC may complement other cannabinoids.


Cannabinol, orCBN, is actually a byproduct of TCH and is present only in small amounts in most cannabis strains, though it’s becoming more popular in infused products. It was actually the first cannabinoid to be isolated and was thought to be responsible for the plant’s psychoactive effects prior to the discovery of THC. CBN is a mild psychoactive, but it is best known for its powerful sedative properties. Through the process of oxidation, THC gets converted to CBN, which may be why aged forms of cannabis may have a greater sedative effect.

Other Common Cannabinoids

Other lesser known cannabinoids that you might stumble across include:

  • CBT – Research on cannabitriol is limited. Hawthorne Watson, a Jamaican researcher, recently identified and isolated the cannabinoid, but some literature suggests it was discovered as far back as 1966 by researchers Obata and Ishikawa. The actual effects of this cannabinoid still require further study.
  • CBGV – Cannabigerivarin provides no psychoactive effects, but its potential health benefits still require further study. Initial studies suggest it may act as an anticonvulsant and help the body absorb THC.
  • CBGA – Cannabigerolic acid is the first biogenic compound formed in the cannabis plant. It’s considered the “stem cell” of cannabis as it acts as a precursor for many other cannabinoids in this list, including CBD and THC.
  • CBGVA – Cannabigerovarinic acid is another building block for other cannabinoids. The research on CBGVA is minimal, but some initial research suggests it may be beneficial for leukemia cells.
  • THCV – Tetrahydrocannabivarin is similar to THC, but it also provides more specific potential effects, including appetite suppression, bone growth, and blood sugar regulation.
  • THCA – Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid has no psychoactive effects, but it may possess anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. It may also promote healthy sleep and stimulate appetite.
  • THCVA – Tetrahydrocanabivarinic acid is a precursor to THCV. It is non-psychoactive and has been shown in initial research to relieve pain, regulate the immune system, and reduce inflammation.
  • CBDV – Cannabidivarin is non-psychoactive and may help to relieve pain and regulate your mood. It may also reduce nausea and inflammation.
  • CBDA  – Cannabidiolic acid is the precursor to CBD. It has shown antioxidant, anti-nausea, and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • CBDVA – Initial research shows that cannabidivarinic acid is non-psychoactive and may possess anti-inflammatory properties.
  • CBCA – Cannabichromenenic acid is the predecessor to CBC. Not much is known about CBCA, but it may have antibacterial and antifungal properties.
  • CBCV – Cannabichromevarin is a counterpart to CBC, meaning it may have similar effects, including potential anticonvulsant properties.
  • CBCVA – Cannabichromevarinic acid does not have any psychoactive effects, but not much else is known about this cannabinoid acid.

Much of learning about cannabinoids comes down to a greater need for research and education. This can lead to a greater understanding of their potential health benefits while helping consumers better choose strains and products that will work for their specific needs.